TRR 277 (DFG)
Additive Manufacturing in Construction
TRR 277 is working on current questions about additive manufacturing in the construction industry based on many years of experience in interdisciplinary and cross-location research of the TU Braunschweig and the TU Munich. The central project areas are A "Materials and Processes", B "Modelling and Control" and C "Design and Construction". Focus area C also includes sub-area C07, which deals with the regulatory and qualification challenges of AMC and is being worked on jointly by the Chair of Timber Construction and Building Design (Prof. Winter) and the Chair of Technology Didactics.
Additive manufacturing (AM) can be used to produce freely shaped components in a resource-optimised way. AM is already state of the art in numerous industries. The potential and feasibility of a consistent expansion of Additive Manufacturing in Construction (AMC) has also been demonstrated for the construction industry in various projects. Currently, special equipment and construction products for AMC are increasingly establishing themselves on the markets. As a consequence of the advancing use of AMC technologies and processes, the corresponding activities and job requirements are also changing. The implementation of AMC also requires adjustments in the competence structures of the people involved. The planning and production-related changes of AMC are driven by technologies/processes for the production of new types of building products. However, their concrete implementation requires adequate transformations via the "adjusting screws" of work organisation and qualification. In order to be able to shape these interrelationships, studies are required that take an integrative view of the effective sub-aspects.
Although individual empirical approaches have been made from the perspective of occupational psychology and production technology, only specific findings that are anchored in the construction domain and explore the interdependent relationships in their complexity can lead further here. In order to be able to fully exploit the potentials and possibilities of the entire AMC construction process chain (planning-production planning-manufacturing-assembly) in the future, it is necessary in the first step to develop the AMC-specific effects and interactions of work and occupation (including process and project orientation, interdisciplinary cooperation, knowledge work, etc.) in an integrative manner. Accordingly, the sub-project C07, for which the didactics of technology is responsible, is oriented towards domain- and context-specific basic questions of qualification requirements, specific competence needs and potential competence profiles at both academic and vocational levels. Based on this, concepts of competence development in an AMC working and professional world can be developed and evaluated in the next step.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Tobias Ludwig in the TUM Technical Education team.